Лексикология тесты. Lexicology

Арендный блок

The branch of lexicology that is devoted to the study of meaning is known as  …

# Semasiology

@

Semasiology studies the change in … which words under go?

# meaning

@

Concept is …..

# a category of human cognition.

@

Meaning comprises ….

# the interrelation of linguistic signs with categories and phenomena outside the scope of language

.

@

The functional approach maintains that the meaning of a linguistic unit may be studied through …..

# its relation to other linguistic units

Word meaning is ……

# homogeneous

@

The component of meaning recurrent in identical sets of individual forms of different words is …..

# grammatical meaning

@

The component of meaning proper to the word as a linguistic unit is…..

# lexical meaning

@

The component of the lexical meaning which makes communication possible is …….

# denotational meaning

@

One of the objective semantic features proper to words as linguistic unit and forms part of the connotational component of meaning. It is……

# emotive charge

@

The smallest two-facet language unit possessing path sound-form and meaning is…. .

# the morpheme

@

The semantic component that serves to distinguish one word from all others containing identical morphemes is ….

# differential meaning

@

The main criterion in morphological motivation is …. .

# relationship between morphemes

@

Morphological motivation is …..  .

# relative

@

A direct connection between the phonetically structure of the word and its meaning is ….

# phonetical  motivation

@

The relationship between the central and the coexisting meaning of a word is … .

# semantic motivation

@

Change of meaning is effected through association between ...

# the existing meaning and the new

@

The factors causing semantic changes may be subdivided into …. .

# extra –linguistic and linguistic

Monosemantic  word are word having

# one meaning

@

If polysemy viewed word may retain its previous meaning or meanings and at the same time acquire one or several new ones.

# diachronically

@

Synchronically polysemy is understood as …

# the coexistence of various meanings of the same word at a certain historical period

@

The words different languages which are similar or identical in lexical meaning are … .

# correlated words

@

Words identical in sound –form but different in meaning are…… .

# homonyms

@

Words homonymous in all their forms are… .

# full homonyms

@

Lexical homonyms differ in

# lexical meaning

@

Derivational affixes serve

# to form different words;

@

Affixation, word-composition and conversion are

# principal and productive ways of forming new words;

@

What is blending?

# telescoping, reduplication;

@

What is shortening?

# a significant subtraction in which part of the original word is taken away;

@

Semantically morphemes are classified as

# root and affixational morphemes;

.

@

What is an allomorph?

# a positional variant of a morpheme occurring in a specific environment;

@

Lexicography deals with

# the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries;

.

@

What are hybrids?

# words made up of elements derived from two or more different languages;

.

@

Semasiology is the branch of Lexicology that deals with

# the study of word meaning;

@

Free word-groups are

# words put together to form lexical units;

@

Perfect homophones are

# words identical in spelling and sound-form but different in meaning;

@

Which of the following compounds are non-transparent?

# center-forward, woman-doctor, eye-specialist;

@

Metonymy is based on

# contiguity of meaning;

@

What is a phraseological unit?

# functionally and semantically inseparable word-groups;

@

The selection of lexical units, arrangement and setting of the entries is one  of the main problems in

# lexicography;

@

Which of the following line contains only form words?

# from, oh!, so-so;

@

The main types of dictionaries are

# general and special;

.

@

Synonyms for the word “to hope” is

# to expect, to look forward, to anticipate;

@

The following words dormitory, fall elevator, apartment are typical for

# American English;

@

Red tape, mare's nest are

# phraseological fusions;

.

@

Which of the following words have derived stems?

# beautiful, girlish, activate;

@

Varieties of the English language peculiar to some districts and  having no normalized literary form are

# local dialects;

@

The words glamour, kilt, raid, came into English from

# the Scottish dialect;

@

Which of the following words is the case of a metaphor?

# the bonnet of the car;

@

Which of the following homonyms are partial?

# match (n) -match (v);

@

Which of the given words stand for the American variant of  the word “flat”?

# apartment;

@

Which of the following words are homonyms proper?

# bank (n) – bank (n)

@

Dictionaries of toponyms are

# special dictionaries;

.

@

Metaphor is a transfer of name based on

# the association of similarity;

@

Which of the following synonymic groups belong to total  (complete or absolute synonymy?

# functional affix, inflection, flexion;

.

@

Homographs are

# words identical in spelling, but different both in their sound-form and meaning;

@

Which of these nouns are derived from verbs?

# a break, a catch, a jump;

@

Compound derivatives contain

# not less than two free morphemes and one bound morpheme;

@

Sources of synonyms are

# all the above mentioned cases;

.

@

Phraseology studies

# free word-combinations and phraseological units:

@

Check for the synonyms to the word «to look»

# to see, to gaze, to blame;

@

What common element do the words cities, tables, relations have?

# the grammatical meaning of plurality;

.

@

The root of the word is

# the semantic nucleus, the basic part of a word to which affixes are added;

@

Complete the following idiom of comparison «as busy as ...»

# as busy as a bee;

@

Long-legged, left-handed, sky-colored are

# compound derivatives;

@

Ideographic synonyms are

@

Glossaries are

# unilingual books that give definitions of terms;

@

Which of the following words are homophones?

# night (n) – knight (n);

@

-er, -dom, -ness, -ation are

# noun-forming suffixes;

@

A proverbs is

# a short familiar saying expressing some well-known truth;

@

Morphemes occur as

# constituents of sentences;

@

«Has been» in the following sentence «She had to be satisfied with the role of a has been»  is the result of

# conversion;

@

Which of the following antonyms are mixed antonyms?

# active - passive - inactive;

@

Sound imitation, reduplication, clipping, abbreviation are

# minor types of word making;

@

Affixation is the formation of words

# by adding derivational affixes to stems;

@

A list of words in which the entry words are arranged in alphabetical order  starting with their final letters are

# reverse dictionaries;

@

What are derivational compounds?

# compound words that have affixes;

@

Which of the following pairs of words has the verb derived from the noun?

# a monkey - to monkey;

@

Jargonisms are

# words used within a particular social group and bearing a secret and cryptic character;

@

What are antonyms?

# words different in sound-form and characterized by semantic polarity of denotational meaning;

@

Structurally morphemes fall into

# free, semi-free, bound, semi-bound morphemes;

@

Check for the type of word-formation in the following words: UNO, NATO, laser, radar

# shortening;

@

What are compound words?

# words consisting of at least two stems which occur in the language as free forms;

@

Absolute (or complete synonyms are:

# words coinciding in all their shades of meaning and in all their stylistic characteristics;

@

What is motivation?

# the connection between the structural pattern of the word and its meaning;

@

"head of a cabbage" is

# a metaphor;

@

What are homonyms?

# words identical in their sound -form or in graphic form or in both, but different in meaning;

@

Which of the these proverbs expresses best the idea of the following situation?

"Very soon after his father's death Mike's mother died and he became an orphan."

# It never rains but it pours.

@

Classification of phraseological units cannot be based on

# only on the structural principle;

@

“To be like a bull in a china shop” means

# to be a careless, clumsy person who may cause damage through lack of skill or care;

@

Words borrowed from one language into several other languages are called

# international;

@

The following words pyjamas, khaki, mango, bungalow which became international came from

# India

@

An exaggerated statement not meant to be understood literally but expressing  an intensely emotional attitude of the speaker to what he is speaking about is called

# hyperbole;

@

Which of the following words are native English?

# empty, ask, belly;

@

Which of the following suffixes are of Greek origin?

# -ist, -ism, -ite;

@

Which of the following phraseological units is a phraseological collocation?

# to bear malice;

@

Which of the following phraseological units is not motivated?

# hot dog;

@

Which of the following words is the case of an initial clipping?

# story, phone, cello;

@

What is the meaning of "-scribe" in the words "transcribe, subscribe, describe, inscribe"?

# write;

@

What does the native element of the English vocabulary consist of?

# Indo-European and Germanic elements;

@

Define the type of the compound word “good-for-nothing”:

# morphological

@

Complete the simily “as graceful as a…”

# swan

@

Define the etymology of the word “kindergarten”

# German

@

Complete the comparison “to swear like a …”

# sailor

@

Define the nature of the semantic change in “diesel”:

# metonymy

@

Define the nature of the semantic change in “the teeth of a saw”:

# metaphor

@

Define the type of word-building in the word “lady-killer”:

# composition

@

Define the type of word-building in the word “a find”:

# conversion

@

Define the type of informal word “pal”:

# colloquial

@

Define the type of the borrowing “phenomenon”:

# loan proper

@

Define the type of the phraseological unit “to meet the necessity”

# phraseological combination

@

Define the type of informal word “thou”:

# archaic

@

Complete the simily “as cunning as a …”

# fox

@

Complete the simily “as wise as an …”

#owl

@

Complete the simily “as gentle as a …”

#dove

@

Complete the simily “as red as a …”

#beetroot

@

Complete the simily “as fat as a …”

#pig

@

Complete the comparison “to get along like a …”

#million dollars

@

Give a homonym to “hair”

#hare

@

Give a homonym to “higher”

#hire

@

Define the etymology of the word “ballet”

#French

@

Define the etymology of the word “major”

#Latin

@

Define the etymology of the word “blitzkrieg”

#German

@

Define the etymology of the word “bronco”

#Spanish

@

Conversion is a word-building process in which words are built

#by means of changing the paradigm;

@

The synonyms of the word “to look“ are..

# to stare, to gaze

@

Metaphor is a transfer of name based on

# the association of similarity;

@

Which of the following synonymic groups belong to total (complete or absolute synonymy?

#functional affix, inflection, flexion;

@

Which of these nouns are derived from verbs?

#a break, a catch, a jump;

@

Compound derivatives contain

# not less than two free morphemes and one bound morpheme;

@

Sources of synonyms are

# all the above mentioned cases;

@

Phraseology studies

# free word-combinations and phraseological units:

@

Check for the synonyms to the word «to look»

# to see, to gaze, to blame;

@

What common element do the words cities, tables, relations have?

# the grammatical meaning of plurality.

@

The component of meaning recurrent in identical sets of individual forms of different words is …..

# grammatical meaning

@

The component of meaning proper to the word as a linguistic unit is…..

# lexical meaning

@

The component of the lexical meaning which makes communication possible is …….

# denotational meaning

@

One of the objective semantic features proper to words as linguistic unit and forms part of the connotational component of meaning. It is……

# emotive charge

@

The smallest two-facet language unit possessing path sound-form and meaning is…. .

# the morpheme

@

The semantic component that serves to distinguish one word from all others containing identical morphemes is ….

# differential meaning

@

The main criterion in morphological motivation is …. .

# relationship between morphemes

@

Morphological motivation is …..  

# relative

@

A direct connection between the phonetically structure of the word and its meaning is.   .

# phonetical  motivation

@

The relationship between the central and the coexisting meaning of a word is … .

# semantic motivation

@

Change of meaning is effected through association between ……  .

# the existing meaning and the new

@

The factors causing semantic changes may be subdivided into …. .

# extra –linguistic and linguistic

@

Monosemantic  word are word having …

# one meaning

@

If polysemy viewed a word may retain its previous meaning or meanings and at the same time acquire one or several new ones.

# diachronically

@

The following words ‘dormitory, fall, elevator, apartment’ are typical for …

# American English;

@

Red tape, mare's nest are …

# phraseological fusions;

@

Which of the following words have derived stems?

# beautiful, girlish, activate;

@

Varieties of the English language peculiar to some districts and having no normalized literary form are….

#local dialects;

@

The words ‘glamour, kilt, raid,’ came into English from …

# the Scottish dialect;

@

Which of the following words is the case of a metaphor?

# the bonnet of the car;

@

Which of the following homonyms are partial?

# match (n) -match (v);

@

Which of the given words stand for the American variant of  the word “flat”?

# apartment;

@

Which of the following words are homonyms proper?

# bank (n) – bank (n)

@

Dictionaries of toponyms are

# special dictionaries;

@

Metaphor is a transfer of name based on …

# the association of similarity;

@

Which of the following synonymic groups belong to total (complete or absolute synonymy?

# functional affix, inflection, flexion;

@

Homographs are

# words identical in spelling, but different both in their sound-form and meaning;

@

Which of these nouns are derived from verbs?

# a break, a catch, a jump;

@

Compound derivatives contain

# not less than two free morphemes and one bound morpheme;

@

Sources of synonyms are

# all the above mentioned cases;

@

Phraseology studies

# free word-combinations and phraseological units

@

Check for the synonyms to the word «to look»

# to see, to gaze, to blame;

@

Concept is …..

# a category of human cognition.

@

Meaning comprises ….

# the interrelation of linguistic signs with categories and phenomena outside the scope of language

@

The functional approach maintains that the meaning of a linguistic unit may be studied through …..

# its relation to other linguistic units

@

Word meaning is ……

# homogeneous

@

The component of meaning recurrent in identical sets of individual forms of different words is …..

# grammatical meaning

@

The component of meaning proper to the word as a linguistic unit is…..

# lexical meaning

@

The component of the lexical meaning which makes communication possible is …

# denotational meaning

@

One of the objective semantic features proper to words as linguistic unit and forms part of the connotational component of meaning. It is …

# emotive charge

@

The smallest two-facet language unit possessing path sound-form and meaning is ….

# the morpheme

@

The semantic component that serves to distinguish one word from all others containing identical morphemes is ….

# differential meaning

@

The main criterion in morphological motivation is ….

# relationship between morphemes

@

Morphological motivation is ….  

# relative

@

A direct connection between the phonetically structure of the word and its meaning is …  

# phonetical  motivation

@

The relationship between the central and the coexisting meaning of a word is … .

# semantic motivation

@

Change of meaning is effected through association between ……  .

# the existing meaning and the new one

@

The factors causing semantic changes may be subdivided into …. .

# extra –linguistic and linguistic

@

Monosemantic  word are word having

# one meaning

@

If polysemy viewed a word may retain its previous meaning or meanings and at the same time acquire one or several new ones.

# diachronically

@

Synchronically polysemy is understood as ….. .

# the coexistence of various meanings of the same word at a certain historical period

@

The words different languages which are similar or identical in lexical meaning are … .

# correlated words

@

Words identical in sound –form but different in meaning are……

# homonyms

@

Words homonymous in all their forms are… .

# full homonyms

@

Lexical homonyms differ in

# lexical meaning

@

Derivational affixes serve

# to form different words;

@

Affixation, word-composition and conversion are

# principal and productive ways of forming new words;

@

What is blending?

# telescoping, reduplication;

@

What is shortening?

# a significant subtraction in which part of the original word is taken away

@

Semantically morphemes are classified as

# root and affixational morphemes;

@

What is an allomorph?

# a positional variant of a morpheme occurring in a specific environment;

@

Lexicography deals with

# the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries;

@

What are hybrids?

# words made up of elements derived from two or more different languages;

@

Semasiology is the branch of Lexicology that deals with

# the study of word meaning;

@

Lexical homonyms differ in

# lexical meaning

@

Complete the proverb: “Every country has its … “

# customs

@

Complete the proverb: “He who makes no  …, makes nothing.”

# mistakes

@

Complete the proverb: “Men may meet but … never”.

# mountains

@

Complete the proverb: “In doing we …”

# learn

@

Complete the proverb: “ It is never too late to …”

# learn

@

Complete the proverb: “Knowledge is …”

# power

@

Complete the proverb: “Live and …”

# learn

@

Complete the proverb: “East or West…”

# home is best

@

Complete the proverb: “Better late …”

# than neveR

@

Complete the proverb: “Never put off till tomorrow …”

# what you can do today

@

Complete the proverb: “The devil is not so black …”

# as he is painted

@

Complete the proverb: “An English man’s home (or house) …”

# is his castle

@

Complete the proverb: “When the cat’s away, the … … will play”

# mice

@

Complete the proverb: “Everybody’ s business is … business”

# nobody’ s

@

Complete the proverb: “Every … praises his own broth”.

# cook

@

Complete the proverb: “Little strokes fell great  …”

# oaks

@

Complete the proverb: “Promise little, but … much”

# do

@

Complete the proverb: “Among the blind the one-eyed man is …”

# king

@

Complete the proverb: “Every day is not …”

# Sunday

@

Complete the proverb: “A good name is better than  …”

# riches

@

Complete the proverb: “Honesty is the best …”

# policy

@

Complete the proverb: “Life is made up of  …”

# little things

@

Complete the proverb: “No news … news”

# good

@

Complete the proverb: “The morning sun never lasts a  …”

# day

@

Complete the proverb: “While there is life there is …”

# hope

@

Comlete the proverb: “Don’t count your… before they are hatched”

# chickens

@

Complete the proverb: “Don’t swap … when crossing a stream”

# horses

@

Complete the proverb: “Don’t  teach your … to suck eggs”.

# grandmother

@

Complete the proverb: “Every … has a puddle”

# path

@

Complete the proverb: ”If a … bray at you, don’t bray at him”.

# donkey

@

Complete the proverb: “Never try to … what nobody doubts”.

# prove

@

Complete the proverb: “Of two … choose the lesser”.

# evils

@

Complete the proverb : “Practice what you …”

# preach

@

Complete the proverb: “ … was not built in a day”

# Rome

@

Complete the proverb: ”Those who live in ... houses should not throw stones”

# glass

@

Complete the proverb: “There is a ... in every flock”

# black sheep

@

Complete the proverb: “... wife must (or should) be above suspicion”

# Caesar’ s

@

Complete the proverb: “An ... home ( or house) is his castle”

# Englishman’ s

@

Complete the proverb: “Gifts from ... are dangerous”

# enemies

@

Complete the proverb: “... is neither bought nor sold”

# love

@

Complete the proverb: “Marriages are made …”

# in heaven

@

Complete the proverb: “All roads lead to …”

# Rome

@

Give a homophone  to ‘suite’

# sweet

@

Give a homophone to ‘sow’

# so

@

Define the type of composition in the word  ‘sunflower’

# neutral

@

Define the type of composition in the word ‘handicraft’

# morphological

@

Define the type of composition in the word ‘son-in-law

# syntactic

@

The smallest meaningful language unit

# morpheme

@

The main way of enriching vocabulary

# word-building

@

One of the most productive ways of word-building

# affixation

@

Define the origin of the word ‘opera’

# Latin

@

Define the original of the word ‘steppe’

# Russian

@

Homophones are…

# words of the same sound form  but of different spelling and meaning

@

Complete the simile ‘as fast as…’

# lightning  

@

Complete the simile ‘ as light as …’

# feather  

@

Ancient or obselete word, or style, or idiom gone out of current use

# Archaism

@

Colloquial style

# Spoken English

@

A figure of speech in which an inoffensive word or expression is supstituted for an unpleasant

# Euphemesm

# Slang

@

The style of language of every day life which answers the needs of communication

# Colloquial

@

Phraseology studies

# free word-combinations and phraseological units

@

Shortening is

# a significant subtraction of a word

@

Which of the given words stand for the American variant of the word  flat

# apartment

@

What is the meaning of the underlined parts of words monolingual,monosyllable, monologue

# one

@

Which of the following words are international

# coffee, mango, sputnik, radio

@

Phraseology studies

# free word-combinations and phraseological units

@

Shortening is

# a significant subtraction of a word

@

Which of the given words stand for the American variant of the word  flat

# apartment

@

What is the meaning of the underlined parts of words monolingual,monosyllable, monologue

# one

@

Which of the following words are international

# coffee, mango, sputnik, radio

@

Which of the following words is the British variant of the American   fall 

# autumn

@

The word TV is a case of

# abbreviation

@

Has been in the following sentence “She had to be satisfied with the role of a has been” is the result of

# conversion

@

What is motivation

# the connection between the structural pattern of the word and its meaning

@

What are antonyms

# words different in sound and graphic form and characterized by semantic polarity of denotational meaning

@

Which of the following words are homonyms proper

# bank (n) – bank (n)

@

A list of words in which the entry words are arranged in alphabetical order starting with their final letters are

# reverse dictionaries

@

Which of the following lines contains only form words

# from, oh!, am

@

Which of the following homonyms are partial

# match (n) – match (v)

@

Conversives are

# antonyms

@

Complete the idiom “like as…” using one of the following words

# peas

@

Now or never is

# phraseological repetition

@

Which of the following suffixes are of Greek origin

# -ist, - ism, - ite

@

The difference between the British and American English is noticeable in the field of

# in all fields of the language system

@

 pot cheers is a word from

# New York city dialect

@

Semantically morphemes are classified as

# root and affixational morphemes

@

Lexicography deals with

# the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries

@

The type of word-building used in the following words ping-pong, riff-raff, chit-chat is

# compounding

@

Stylistic synonyms are

# two words having the same denotational meaning but differing in stylistic connotation

@

Head of cabbage is

# a metaphor

@

Synonyms for the word to hope is

# to expect, to look forward, to anticipate

@

Taboo is the main cause of such a linguistic phenomenon as a (an)

# euphemism

@

Which of the following sound-imitative words are interjections

# bang!, bush!, pooh!

@

External meaning

# morphological structure

@

The stem of root or morpheme words contains

# one free morpheme

@

Prefixes mis-, mal-, pseudo- are

# perjorative

@

According to the structure the words: fridge, pub, tech, USA, exam are

# shortened

@

The underlined words in the following sentences: “How often do you milk the cows?”, “Restaurants in all large cities have ups and downs.” “He began to nose about like an old bloodhound.” are cases of

# conversion

@

The words TV, T.B. are cases of  

# abbreviation

@

What kind of clipping in the word “math”

# final clipping

@

Metonymy is based on

# contiguity of meaning

@

Check for the case of a hyperbole in the following

# thousand pardons

@

Dictionaries of toponyms are

# special dictionaries

@

Which of the following line has words belonging to terminology

# telegraph, antibiotic, radar, metaphor

# lovely, beautiful, colorful, handsome

@

The synonymic dominant in series of leave, depart, quit, retire, clear out is

# leave

@

A proverb is

# a saying expressing some well-known truth

@

Complete the following idiom as sly as

# a fox

@

Hybrids are

# words made up of affixes from two or more different languages

# idiomatic compounds

@

Lass, Kirk are examples of

# vulgarism

@

Structural morphemes fall into

# free, semi-free, bound, semi-bound, morphemes

@

Friend is a

# free morpheme

@

Sound imitation is

# onomatopeia

@

What is the denotational meaning

# the component of the lexical meaning which makes communication possible

@

Euphemism is

# the substitution of unpleasant words by mild ones

@

Metaphor is a transfer of name based on

# the association of similarity

@

Jargonisms are

# words used within a particular social group and bearing a secret and cryptic character

@

Words jersey, pullover are

# international words

@

Which of the following statements is the distinctive feature of proverbs

# proverbs function as independent units of communication

# proverbs are neither parts of statement, nor do they stand for the whole statement

@

Which of these proverbs expresses best the idea of the following situation “Very soon after his father’s death Mike’s mother died and he became an orphan.”. The words “pipe of peace”, “pale face” were borrowed from

# Indian language

@

The words pyjamas, khaki, mango, bungalow which became international come from

# India

@

What is polyglot?

# multilingual dictionary

@

The root of the word is

# the basic part of a word which affixes are added

@

Affixation, word-composition and conversion are

# principle and productive ways of forming new words

@

Which of the following parts of words has the verb derived from the noun

# a monkey – to monkey

@

Which of the following is a minor way of word-formation

# back-formation

@

The  branch of lexicology that is devoted to the study of meaning is known as ….

Semasiology

# Phraseology

@

Semasiology studies the change in which words under go?

# meaning

@

Concept is ….

# a category of human cognition.

@

Meaning comprises ….

# the interrelation of linguistic signs with categories and phenomena outside the scope of language

@

The functional approach maintains that the meaning of a linguistic unit may be studied through …..

# its relation to other linguistic units

@

Word meaning is ……

# homogeneous

@

The component of meaning recurrent in identical sets of individual forms of different words is …..

# grammatical meaning

@

The component of meaning proper to the word as a linguistic unit is…..

# lexical meaning

@

The component of the lexical meaning which makes communication possible is …….

# denotational meaning

@

One of the objective semantic features proper to words as linguistic unit and forms part of the connotational component of meaning. It is…

# emotive charge

@

The smallest two-facet language unit possessing path sound-form and meaning is…. .

# the morpheme

@

The semantic component that serves to distinguish one word from all others containing identical morphemes is ….

# differential meaning

@

The main criterion in morphological motivation is …. .

# relationship between morphemes

@

Morphological motivation is …..  # relative

@

A direct connection between the phonetically structure of the word and its meaning is ….   .

# phonetical  motivation

@

The relationship between the central and the coexisting meaning of a word is … .

# semantic motivation

@

Change of meaning is effected through association between ……  .

# the existing meaning and the new

@

The factors causing semantic changes may be subdivided into …. .

# extra –linguistic and linguistic  

@

Monosemantic  word are word having

# one meaning

@

If polysemy viewed …… word may retain its previous meaning or meanings and at the same time acquire one or several new ones.

# diachronically

@

Synchronically polysemy is understood as ….. .

# the coexistence of various meanings of the same word at a certain historical period

@

The words different languages which are similar or identical in lexical meaning are … .

# correlated words

@

Words identical in sound –form but different in meaning are…… .

# homonyms

@

Words homonymous in all their forms are… .

# full homonyms

@

Lexical homonyms differ in

# lexical meaning

@

Derivational affixes serve

# to form different words;

@

Affixation, word-composition and conversion are

# .principal and productive ways of forming new words;

@

What is blending?

# telescoping, reduplication;

@

What is shortening?

# a significant subtraction in which part of the original word is taken away;

@

Semantically morphemes are classified as

# root and affixational morphemes;

@

What is an allomorph?

# a positional variant of a morpheme occurring in a specific environment;

@

Lexicography deals with

# the theory and practice of compiling dictionaries;

@

What are hybrids?

# words made up of elements derived from two or more different languages;

@

Semasiology is the branch of Lexicology that deals with

# the study of word meaning;

@

Free word-groups are

# words put together to form lexical units;

@

Perfect homophones are

# words identical in spelling and sound-form but different in meaning;

@

Which of the following compounds are non-transparent?

#center-forward, woman-doctor, eye-specialist;

@

Metonymy is based on

# contiguity of meaning;

@

What is a phraseological unit?

# functionally and semantically inseparable word-groups;

@

The selection of lexical units, arrangement and setting of the entries is one …. of the main problems in …

# lexicography;

@

Which of the following line contains only form words?

# from, oh!, so-so;

@

The main types of dictionaries are

# general and special;

@

Synonyms for the word “to hope” is

# to expect, to look forward, to anticipate;

@

The following words dormitory, fall elevator, apartment are typical for

# American English;

@

Red tape, mare's nest are

# phraseological fusions;

@

Which of the following words have derived stems?

# beautiful, girlish, activate;

@

Varieties of the English language peculiar to some districts and having no normalized literary form are

# local dialects;

@

The words glamour, kilt, raid, came into English from

# the Scottish dialect

@

Which of the following words is the case of a metaphor?

# the bonnet of the car;

@

Which of the following homonyms are partial?

# match (n) -match (v);

@

Which of the given words stand for the American variant of the word “flat”?

# apartment;

@

Which of the following words are homonyms proper?

# bank (n) – bank (n)

@

Dictionaries of toponyms are

# special dictionaries;

@

Metaphor is a transfer of name based on

# the association of similarity;

@

Which of the following synonymic groups belong to total

(complete or absolute) synonymy?

# functional affix, inflection, flexion;

@

Homographs are

# words identical in spelling, but different both in their sound-form and meaning

@

Which of these nouns are derived from verbs?

# a break, a catch, a jump;

@

Compound derivatives contain

# not less than two free morphemes and one bound morpheme;

@

Sources of synonyms are

# all the above mentioned cases;

@

The  branch of lexicology that is devoted to the study of meaning is known as ….

# Semasiology

@

Semasiology studies the change in … which words under go?

# meaning

@

Concept is …..

# a category of human cognition.

@

Meaning comprises ….

# the interrelation of linguistic signs with categories and phenomena outside the scope of language

@

5. The functional approach maintains that the meaning of a linguistic unit may be studied through …..

# its relation to other linguistic units

@

Word meaning is ……

# homogeneous

@

The component of meaning recurrent in identical sets of individual forms of different words is …..

# grammatical meaning

@

The component of meaning proper to the word as a linguistic unit is…..

# lexical meaning

@

9. The component of the lexical meaning which makes communication possible is …….

# denotational meaning

@

One of the objective semantic features proper to words as linguistic unit and forms part of the connotational component of meaning. It is……

# emotive charge

@

11. The smallest two-facet language unit possessing path sound-form and meaning is…. .

# the morpheme

@

The semantic component that serves to distinguish one word from all others containing identical morphemes is ….

# differential meaning

@

The main criterion in morphological motivation is …. .

# relationship between morphemes

@

Morphological motivation is …..  .

# relative

@

A direct connection between the phonetically structure of the word and its meaning is ….   .

# phonetical  motivation

@

The relationship between the central and the coexisting meaning of a word is … .

# semantic motivation

@

Change of meaning is effected through association between ……  .

# the existing meaning and the new

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