General characteristics of the USA

Respected members of the commission! With your permission I’ll start my report on the topic “General characteristics of the USA”.

Our course paper is devoted to the investigation of one of the most powerful and highly developed countries in the world named “The USA”.

It consists of 2 chapters. In the first chapter the historical and geographical outline of The USA is described and in the second one – the peculiarities of the USA culture and lifestyle.

The topicality of the research is caused by the fact, that the USA is the most powerful and highly developed country of the world. The USA is a country of exciting history. It is a multicultural and multinational country. That’s why it is necessary to investigate this country in details.

The object of the research – is the description of general characteristics of the USA.

The subject of the course work – Historical and geographical outline of the USA and peculiarities of America’s culture.

The tasks of the investigation are the following:

- to study the typical features of the historical development of the USA;

- to analyze the geographical outline of the USA;

- to describe the cultural peculiarities of the USA;

(все на слайд)

The USA is the most powerful and highly developed country in the world. The country has always attracted attention of many researchers. This country considered to be the country of great opportunities. The United States has considerable natural resources. It also has highly productive agricultural resources. The United States has a broad range of climates, varying from the tropical rain-forest of Hawaii and the tropical savanna of Florida.

The USA is one of the biggest English-speaking countries in the world. It is also the third biggest country according to its area and population. The country is the world's largest food producer. The United States is a country of immigrants. Many people come to America from so many different places all over the world. For this reason, many people call America a "melting pot" of cultures. But despite the merging of nations America has a very interesting culture and various attractions that draw people from all over the world.

Within our investigation we have studied the typical features of the historical development of the USA. The history of the USA dates back only from the 15th century. The present territory of the USA was divided among some countries. In the 15th — 16th centuries some territory of the USA belonged to Great Britain (northern and western lands); southern parts (California, Florida, New Mexico, Texas) belonged to Spain, then — to Mexico; the central part, the territory was called Louisiana — to France; Alaska was possessed by Russia; some territories remained to be under Indians control.

In 18th century there were only thirteen Britain's American colonies and they broke with Great Britain in 1776 and later were recognized as the new nation of the the United States of America, following the Treaty of Paris in 1783. During the 19th"and 20th centuries, 37 new states were added to the original 13 as the nation expanded their frontiers across the North American continent and acquired a number of overseas possessions.

There were three most dramatic experiences in the nation's history: the Civil War (1861-1865), the Great Depression of the 1930s and Vietnam War of the 1960s — 70s.After its victories in World Wars I and II and the end of the Cold War in 1991, the USA remains the world's most powerful state. The economy is marked by steady growth, low unemployment and inflation, and great advances in technology.

Secondly, we have analyzed the geographical outline of the USA. The country covers an area of almost 9 million square kilometers and is twice as large as all the countries of Europe combined. It is placed in the middle of the North American continent and is washed by the Atlantic Ocean in the east and the Pacific Ocean in the west. Placed between two oceans, the USA has a free access to the trade routes of the world. The USA is divided into three areas: Eastern area — a highland. Central area — a plain, and the Western area which is mountainous.

The main river of the country is the Mississippi. But there are many other great rivers in the USA: the Colorado in the south and the Columbia in the northwest. There are five Great Lakes between the USA and Canada. On the whole the USA has a continental climate. It is at the same time one of the coldest and one of the hottest countries, one of the wettest and one on the driest.

Thirdly, we have revealed the main peculiarities of cultural life of Americans. America is ultimately a nation of immigrants and as a result is a cultural mish-mash or  the ‘melting-pot’ in every sense of the word.

American culture is rich, complex, and unique. It emerged from the short and rapid European conquest of an enormous landmass sparsely settled by diverse indigenous peoples. As a result, American culture possesses an unusual mixture of patterns and forms forged from among its diverse peoples.

American culture is more often defined by its popular and democratically inclusive features, such as blockbuster movies, television comedies, sports stars, and fast food, than by its more cultivated aspects as performed in theaters, published in books, or viewed in museums and galleries. Even the fine arts in modern America often partake of the energy and forms of popular culture, and modern arts are often a product of the fusion of fine and popular arts.

While America is probably most well known for its popular arts, Americans partake in an enormous range of cultural activities. Besides being avid readers of a great variety of books and magazines catering to differing tastes and interests, Americans also attend museums, operas, and ballets in large numbers. They listen to country and classical music, jazz and folk music, as well as classic rock-and-roll and new wave. Americans attend and participate in basketball, football, baseball, and soccer games. They enjoy food from a wide range of foreign cuisines, such as Chinese, Greek, French and so on.

They have also developed their own regional foods, such as California cuisine and Southwestern, Creole, and Southern cooking. Still evolving and drawing upon its ever more diverse population, American culture has come to symbolize what is most up-to-date and modern. American culture has also become increasingly international and is imported by countries around the world.

Americans celebrate an enormous variety of festivals and holidays because they come from around the globe and practice many religions. They also celebrate holidays specific to the United States that commemorate historical events or encourage a common national memory. Holidays in America are often family or community events. Many Americans travel long distances for family gatherings or take vacations during holidays.

In fact, by the end of the 20th century, many national holidays in the United States had become three-day weekends, which many people used as mini vacations. Except for the Fourth of July and Veterans Day, most commemorative federal holidays, including Memorial Day, Labor Day, Columbus Day, and Presidents’ Day, are celebrated on Mondays so that Americans can enjoy a long weekend.

Also I want to tell you about Charleston- unknown city of the USA.

Charleston is the oldest and second-largest city in the State of South Carolina, the county seat of Charleston County. The city lies just south of the geographical midpoint of South Carolina's coastline and is located on Charleston Harbor, an inlet of the Atlantic Ocean formed by the confluence of the Ashley and Cooper rivers, or, as is locally expressed, "where the Cooper and Ashley Rivers come together to form the Atlantic Ocean".

Founded in 1670 as Charles Town in honor of King Charles II of England, Charleston adopted its present name in 1783.It moved to its present location on Oyster Point in 1680 from a location on the west bank of the Ashley River known as Albemarle Point.

Known for its rich history, well-preserved architecture, distinguished restaurants, and mannerly people, Charleston has received a large number of accolades, including "America's Most Friendly City" by Travel + Leisure in 2011.

Charleston is famous for its unique culture, which blends traditional Southern U.S., English, French, and West African elements. The downtown peninsula is well known for its art, music, local cuisine, and fashion. Charleston's oldest community theater group, the Footlight Players, has provided theatrical productions since 1931. A variety of performing arts venues includes the historic Dock Street Theatre. The annual Charleston Fashion Week held each Spring in Marion Square brings in designers, journalists, and clients from across the nation. Charleston is known for its local seafood, which plays a key role in the city's renowned cuisine, which was also strongly influenced by British and French elements.

The main sights of Charleston:

Fort Sumter was designed to protect the harbor entrance. In 1861 there were military events that led to the outbreak of civil war between North and South.

Battery promenade, lined with houses and mansions, some of which were built in the 17th century. Quay Battery Park with White Point Gardens - a popular destination for walking.

French Quarter with a lot of notable buildings, churches, art galleries. Nearby is a small but pleasant Waterfront Park.

Charleston Museum - City Museum of History;

Patriots Point Naval & Maritime Museum - Museum, which is composed of the aircraft carrier Yorktown, the submarine Clagamore and several other ships;

The Market - the old shopping district;

South Carolina Aquarium - Aquarium in South Carolina.

Arthur Ravenel Bridge - suspension bridge over the Cooper River. the longest stretch (cable-stay bridge) bridge in North America, built in 2005.

 Old plantation is situated near the town with the surrounding landscaped gardens. Affects the number of palm trees. They are symbols not only of the city but also the entire state of South Carolina. The horse carriage is the best way to know this city better.(відео про Чарльстон під час розповіді про саме місто)

There is no doubt Folly Beach is one of the wonderful places in Charleston. Also Charleston famous for outstanding movies which were shooted there: “The Notebook”, “Dear John” and others.

         So, summarizing all above-mentioned, we must say that we have accomplished all the tasks in hand and studied the historical, geographical, cultural, economic and scientific peculiarities of the USA.

Only in America can someone start with nothing and achieve the American Dream. That's the greatness of this country.

Rafael Cruz

I would like to thank all members of the commission. I am ready to answer your questions.

 

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The USA is the most powerful and highly developed country in the world. The country has always attracted attention of many researchers. This country considered to be the country of great opportunities.

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